15. Ship and caravan cargo from Syria to Genoa

16. Cargo from Alexandria (Egypt)

17. Register of foreign exchange operations and transfers of Francesco di Marco Datini and his partners in Barcelona

18. Chief accountant Matthäus Schwarz writes to Veit Hörl in Spain. Handwritten entry in the ‘common trade’ copy book (1524–34)

19. Tariffe Mercantili del Levante

20. ‘Re della China’. Compendio di geografia e statistica.

21. Book of accounts and exchange charges marked ‘A’, Del Vernaccia & Arrighi trading firm (1637–39)

22. Merchant’s declaration of the current exchange rates between Dutch and Smirnese coins

23. Journal of the deputation of the ship La Santissima Concezione captained by Sebastien Gay of Marseille

24. Attestatie (general witness testimony) notarial deed, drafted by notary Daniel Bredan

25. Contract between merchant Antonio de Lespaul and Jan Brouwer

26. Transaction for the purchase of silk for export abroad

27. Letter from Hernando de Morales in Lisbon, to Simón Ruiz in Medina del Campo

28. Royal Warrant from the infanta and regent, Juana de Austria

29. Inventarium mercium raubarum recuperatarum a navi naufragato in hoc portu, patronigiata per Joannem Fure

30. An inventory of the brigantino of Antonio Gusman with one bill of lading

31. Register of expenses and profits involved in the maintenance and furnishing of a ship for use in a court appeal

32. Trade fair notebook. Medina del Campo, 17 June 1584 to 7 August 1586

33. Novi Fair scrapbook or blotter (1641–42)

28. Royal Warrant from the infanta and regent, Juana de Austria

Archivo Simón Ruiz
ASR, CC, C 203, 43
SENDER: Juana de Austria
ADDRESSEE: Simón Ruiz
PLACE OF DEPARTURE: Madrid
PLACE OF ARRIVAL: Medina del Campo
GENERAL INFORMATION: Royal Warrant from the infanta and regent, Juana de Austria, authorising Simón Ruiz to trade with France. Manuscript on paper, 33 x 27 cm. Dated 9 April 1559.

By means of this royal warrant, Juana de Austria (who held the regency of the kingdom during the absence of Philip II, at the time in England) authorised Simón Ruiz to trade with France despite having been found guilty of currency trading by the Royal Council. These operations had been strictly banned across the board in the country, with just a few exceptions which required explicit authorisation from the Council of Castile. As a result, the circulation of domestic currency in deals with foreign merchants was held under close surveillance. Simón Ruiz managed to avoid the fine of 1,000 ducats ‘for the poor’, and the ban on conducting trade, for both himself and his factors in France, thanks to the mediation of someone very close to the court. Thanks to this warrant, he could consequently conduct a series of successful commercial operations involving the sale of French imported cloth in Seville in partnership with the Maluenda, a family of merchants from Burgos. These highly profitable operations evince Simón Ruiz’s leverage in his negotiations with the country’s top political authorities.

(Álvaro Rodríguez Sarmentero)

15. Ship and caravan cargo from Syria to Genoa

16. Cargo from Alexandria (Egypt)

17. Register of foreign exchange operations and transfers of Francesco di Marco Datini and his partners in Barcelona

18. Chief accountant Matthäus Schwarz writes to Veit Hörl in Spain. Handwritten entry in the ‘common trade’ copy book (1524–34)

19. Tariffe Mercantili del Levante

20. ‘Re della China’. Compendio di geografia e statistica.

21. Book of accounts and exchange charges marked ‘A’, Del Vernaccia & Arrighi trading firm (1637–39)

22. Merchant’s declaration of the current exchange rates between Dutch and Smirnese coins

23. Journal of the deputation of the ship La Santissima Concezione captained by Sebastien Gay of Marseille

24. Attestatie (general witness testimony) notarial deed, drafted by notary Daniel Bredan

25. Contract between merchant Antonio de Lespaul and Jan Brouwer

26. Transaction for the purchase of silk for export abroad

27. Letter from Hernando de Morales in Lisbon, to Simón Ruiz in Medina del Campo

28. Royal Warrant from the infanta and regent, Juana de Austria

29. Inventarium mercium raubarum recuperatarum a navi naufragato in hoc portu, patronigiata per Joannem Fure

30. An inventory of the brigantino of Antonio Gusman with one bill of lading

31. Register of expenses and profits involved in the maintenance and furnishing of a ship for use in a court appeal

32. Trade fair notebook. Medina del Campo, 17 June 1584 to 7 August 1586

33. Novi Fair scrapbook or blotter (1641–42)